«Reform in the field of memory policy: intermediate results of the implementation of “decommissioning laws”» (Shadow Report)

Decommunization was one of the reforms in Ukraine that took place thanks to the joint work of the public and the legislative and executive branches of government. The initiators and proponents of the law held many public discussions and round tables in the relevant committees of the Verkhovna Rada worked with the conclusions of expert commissions, which were composed by historians, archivists, sociologists, and other researchers. The programs «Open Archives» and «Leaving the USSR» (studying the experience of the countries of Central and Eastern Europe), which the Center for Research of the Liberation Movement started in 2010, were able to form proposals to the policy and eventually become its basis. Issues of national memory were included in one of the sections of the coalition agreement signed by the parliamentarians of the VIII convocation, as well as in the «Plan of Activities for the Implementation of the Program of Activities of the CMU and the coalition agreement in 2015», «Plan of Legislative Support of Reform in Ukraine» and «Action Plan of the Cabinet of Ministers for 2016».

The Ukrainian Institute of National Remembrance, the central executive body for the implementation of national remembrance policy, released the first results of the decommunization process in Ukraine at the end of 2016. The Verkhovna Rada passed 13 decrees on the renaming of settlements and toponymic objects in settlements. Altogether 52 480 renaming (51,493 streets, 987 settlements (including 32 cities), 25 districts), dismantled 2389 monuments (of which 1320 «Lenin»). There are two other regions and one district that remain unclarified. It is only possible to give new names to the regions through changes in the Constitution of Ukraine.

Shadow Report «Memory Policy Reform: Intermediate Results of the Implementation of “Decommunization Laws”» summarizes the intermediate results of the decommunization reform and highlights the problematic points that should be further developed. The paper analyses the objectives of the reform (what was planned and what was successfully defended at the legislative level) reviews reform planning at the level of Parliament and Government; explores the principles of the name change and the dismantling of monuments; Examines the stages and actors of decommunization in Ukraine; analyses official statistics on the fulfillment of the tasks of the decommunization package of laws; studies the stakeholders of reform, public perception of policy and judicial processes; Proposes steps to be taken to complete the reform.

Read «Reform in the field of memory policy: intermediate results of the implementation of “decommissioning laws”» (Shadow Report) (in Ukrainian)

The preparation and presentation of analytical reports in the Shadow Report format is part of the project embodied by the Agency for Legislative Initiatives, supported by the USAID Rada Program: Responsible Accountable Democratic Assembly, implemented by the East Europe Foundation.